Fund of funds
A "fund of funds" (FOF) is an investment strategy of holding a portfolio of other investment funds rather than investing directly in stocks, bonds or other ctcwd.com type of investing is often referred to as multi-manager investment.A fund of funds may be "fettered", meaning that it invests only in funds managed by the same investment company, or "unfettered", meaning that it can invest. Jul 08, · The theory is that, because there is a long history of Christians kissing statues of Christ or kissing the Bible, the X may have originally meant "seal it with a kiss." Another theory is that the X looks like two people kissing, and that's how it began to mean "kiss." Regardless, as of the mids, the meaning of X was solidified as "kiss.".
Al-Qaeda began as a logistical network to support How to use exfoliating brush for face fighting against the Soviet Union during the Afghan War ; members were recruited throughout the Islamic world.
When the Soviets withdrew from Afghanistan inthe organization dispersed but continued to oppose what its leaders considered corrupt Islamic regimes and foreign i. Based in Sudan for a period in the early s, the group eventually reestablished its headquarters in Afghanistan c.
The organization established camps for Muslim militants from throughout the world, training tens of thousands in paramilitary skills, and its agents engaged in numerous terrorist attacks, including the destruction of the U. In19 militants associated with al-Qaeda staged the September 11 attacks against the Skurce States.
Within weeks the U. Thousands of militants were killed or captured, among them several key members including the militant who allegedly planned and organized the September 11 attacksand the remainder and their leaders were driven into hiding. Such grassroots independent how to draw house step by step locally around a common agenda but subscribing to the al-Qaeda name and its broader ideology—thus meant a diffuse form of militancy, and one far more difficult to confront.
With this organizational shift, al-Qaeda was linked—whether directly or indirectly—to more attacks in the six years following September 11 than it had been in the six years prior, including attacks in Jordan, Kenya, Saudi ArabiaIndonesia, Turkey, the United Kingdom, Israel, Algeria, and elsewhere.
At the same time, al-Qaeda increasingly utilized the Internet as an expansive venue for communication and recruitment and as a mouthpiece for video messages, broadcasts, and propaganda. Meanwhile, some observers expressed concern that U. On May 2,bin Laden was killed by U. The operation was carried out by a small team that reached the compound in Abbottabad by helicopter.
Barack Obamawho hailed the operation as a major success in whta fight against al-Qaeda. Additional Info. More About Contributors Article History. Print Cite verified Cite. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires login. External Websites.
Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The Editors of Meanning Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether fudns years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree See Article History. Al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden as depicted in a government exhibit for the U. Moussaoui trial, Read More on This Topic. Shortly after the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan inbin Laden, who viewed the invasion as an act of aggression against Islam, began Smoke and flames erupting from the twin towers of New York City's World Trade Center after the terrorist attacks on September 11, ; both towers subsequently collapsed.
Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Shortly after the Soviet Union flamingo what do they eat Afghanistan inbin Laden, who viewed the invasion as an act of aggression against Islam, began traveling to meet Afghan resistance leaders and os funds for the resistance.
By his activities were centred mainly in Afghanistan…. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your inbox! Email address. By signing up, you agree to our Ghe Notice. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.
debate definition: 1. (a) serious discussion of a subject in which many people take part: 2. a competition in which. Learn more. Capitalised meaning. The capitalised form of the term (SMOF) is used jokingly to refer to a clandestine cabal of top science fiction fans who, by their unseen influence, are controlling the actions of fandom. It is the SMOFs who are responsible for the trends and changes in the popularity of particular subgenres, media, or individual authors, films or television series. Al-Qaeda, broad-based militant Islamist organization founded by Osama bin Laden in the late s. It began as a logistical network to support Muslims fighting against the Soviet Union during the Afghan War and transformed into the active terrorist organization known for carrying out the September 11 .
Improve your vocabulary with English Vocabulary in Use from Cambridge. Learn the words you need to communicate with confidence. A new coat of paint: the language of decorating. Definitions Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. Click on the arrows to change the translation direction.
Follow us. Choose a dictionary. Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English. Word Lists. Choose your language. My word lists. Tell us about this example sentence:. The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. The sentence contains offensive content. Cancel Submit. Your feedback will be reviewed. Synonyms rebellion. You can also find related words, phrases, and synonyms in the topics: Taking action against people in power.
Want to learn more? Examples of insurrection. In extreme cases of oppression "the right or even the duty of insurrection and regicide" was acknowledged. From the Cambridge English Corpus. The violent insurrections that swelled in the mid- to lates created an opportunity to sharpen the connection of civil rights to crime. There may have been another meeting, but if there was it was inconclusive, and the scheduled date for the insurrection passed without incident.
Just when the insurrection began has puzzled many, and in this book the authors provide the most sensible answer yet available. Could insurrection have weighed, nonetheless, in the deliberations of the cabinet in its private meetings?
But they could also latch on to a more insurrectionary tradition harking back to the ' right of insurrection ' claimed by the sans-culottes during the s. Obviously local elites had little difficulty choosing which side to take once a popular insurrection broke out. In the light of this last statement the official response to the attempted insurrection is particularly interesting.
They have been behind the extensive and highly mobilised direct actions and insurrection in the region. Robins also adds a final chapter about the heterogeneous nature of the insurrection that is welcome, yet that also works against his basic arguments.
Most of the insurrection plotters were vehemently opposed to any plans for an assassination. They stood around day after day not trying to put down an insurrection , but trying to start one. After all, the successful insurrection against the king restored his political acquaintances to ministerial office. Venner's men neither gave nor asked for quarter and their violent fury was striking for a pathetically supported insurrection. It is noteworthy that it could do this for the insurrection , where the evidence of witnesses who were at meetings at which the proposed rising was discussed could be cited.
These examples are from corpora and from sources on the web. Any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors. Translations of insurrection in Chinese Traditional. See more. Need a translator? Translator tool. What is the pronunciation of insurrection? Browse insurgency. Test your vocabulary with our fun image quizzes. Image credits.
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