The Geography of Cuba
Cuba is located in the Caribbean Sea. The country is in the northern part of the Caribbean. Surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, and Gulf of Mexico, Cuba is an island comprised of a mainland, one smaller island, and a few archipelagos. Cuba's Borders and Most Extreme Points. Apr 20, †∑ Cuba is situated just south of the Tropic of Cancer at the intersection of the Atlantic Ocean (north and east), the Gulf of Mexico (west), and the Caribbean Sea (south).
Cubacountry of the West Indiesthe largest single island of the archipelago, and one of the more-influential states of the Caribbean region. The domain of the Arawakan-speaking Tainowho had displaced even earlier inhabitants, Cuba was claimed by Christopher Columbus for Spain in Cuba soon gained formal independence, though it remained overshadowed by the nearby United States.
Two years later Castro proclaimed the Marxist-Leninist nature of the revolution. Cuba became economically isolated from its northern neighbour as it developed close links to the Soviet Union. Life in contemporary Cuba is thus challenging, given the limited access to food, transportation, electrical power, and other necessities.
Even so, many Cubans show a fierce pride in their revolutionary society, the only one of its kind in Latin America. This island is something special. The strangest, most tragic things have happened here. And it will always be that way. The earth, like humankind, has its destiny. Cuba is a multicultural, largely urban nation, although it has only one major city: Havana La Habanathe capital and commercial hub of the country, on the northwestern coast.
Handsome if rather run-down, Havana has a scenic waterfront and is surrounded by fine beaches, an attraction for increasing numbers of visitors from abroad. Cuba is situated just south of the Tropic of Cancer at the intersection of the Atlantic Ocean north and eastthe Gulf of Mexico westand the Caribbean Sea south. Haitithe nearest neighbouring country, is 48 miles 77 km to the east, across the Windward Passage ; Jamaica is 87 miles km to the south; the Bahamas archipelago extends to within 50 miles 80 km of the northern coast; and the United States is about 90 miles km to the north across the Straits of Florida.
The country comprises an archipelago of about 1, islands, islets, and cays with a combined area three-fourths as large as the U. The islands form an important segment of the Antilles West Indies island chain, which continues east and then south in a great arc enclosing the Caribbean Sea. The island of Cuba itself is by far the largest in the chain and constitutes one of the four islands of the Greater Antilles.
In general, the island runs from northwest to southeast and is long and narrowó miles 1, km long and miles km across at its widest and 19 miles 31 km at its narrowest point. Groups of mountains and hills cover about one-fourth of the island of Cuba. Much of central-western Cuba is punctuated by spectacularly shaped, vegetation-clad hillocks called mogotes. The plains covering about two-thirds of the main island have been what happened to germany after world war 1 extensively for sugarcane and tobacco cultivation and livestock raising.
The main island is surrounded by a submerged platform covering an additional 30, square miles 78, square km. It is technically a part of the Canarreos Archipelago. Sand and clay plains cover parts of the north, a gravel bed takes up most of the southern part of the island, and bogs dominate the coasts and sparsely inhabited interior. Cuban rivers are generally short, with meagre flow; of the nearly rivers and streams, two-fifths discharge to the north, the remainder to the south.
Cuban lakes are small and more properly classified as freshwater or saltwater lagoons. It is technically a sound because several natural channels connect it to the Atlantic Ocean.
Sea movements generate disturbances in the calcium carbonate deposits at the bottom of the lake to produce the milky appearance of its waters. Videos Images Audio. Additional Info. Table Of Contents. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies.
Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires what are the seven continents in asia. External Websites. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students.
Franklin W. Britannica Quiz. This quiz will show you two countries. Identify the one with the larger population. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now. Explore the life of people in Havana. Explore the impact of sugar, rum, slavery, and cigars on the Cuban identity, culture, and society.
A discussion of the impact of sugar, rum, slavery, and cigars on Cuban society, from the documentary Curious About Cuba: Great Museums of Havana. Load Next Page.
World Population Review
Cuba is located in the Caribbean Sea. Cuba is the largest Caribbean island, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean. The capital and largest city of Cuba is Havana. At 42, square miles (, square km), Cuba is easily the largest island in the Caribbean. Itís about the same size as Virginia and is slightly larger than Guatemala. Cuba is set on the eastern edge of the Gulf of Mexico and is just south of the Tropic of Cancer. Incredibly, Cuba is only 93 miles ( km) south of Key West, Florida. Cuba is a city in Crawford County, Missouri, United States, and it is known as "Route 66 Mural City,"in recognition of Viva Cuba's Outdoor Mural Project. The population was 3, at the census. Cuba was once visited by Harry Truman during a tour of U.S. Route
The Republic of Cuba is the largest island of the Caribbean Sea. Cuba is considered the largest single island of the archipelago and one of the most influential states in the Caribbean.
Cuba became a Spanish colony in and the most important source of raw sugar in the 18th century before being crowned as the Pearl of Antilles. Although Spain had to engage in numerous bloody battles and costly campaigns against independence movements, it was able to hold Cuba up to when it lost the colony to the American in the Spanish-American War. Even though Cuba attained full independence, it remained overshadowed by the US due to its proximity to the outside world and endowment of natural resources.
Cuba comprises of the main island of Cuba and other smaller minor archipelagos. To the north, Cuba shares maritime borders with Florida and the Bahamas, Haiti to the east, and Jamaica to the west. It is the only waterway from the Gulf of Mexico to the Atlantic Sea and to the outside world. Since the agricultural foundation of the United States lies between the Appalachian and the Rocky Mountains, Cuba has played its role by being the central point of trade through where excess production got and still gets its way to the US.
Two years later, Castro adopted a Marxist Leninist nature of leadership isolating Cuba from its neighbors and establishing links with the Soviet Union until its fall out in Cuba has always adhered to the principles of socialism in organizing its state-controlled economy. The government owns the factors of production including labor which is deployed by the state.
The country has been opening its economy to the private sector although private firms are required to pay the Cuban government for them to hire Cuban employees. Tourism plays a crucial role in the American economy as it attracts over two million visitors and investors from across the globe annually. The country treasures national monuments, 7 natural reserves, 13 fauna refuge sanctuaries, 7 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, a favorable climate, beautiful beaches, and an array of colonial history, and cultural heritage.
During the Cuban Revolution, trade embargos and travel bans were imposed by the government particularly on US citizens visiting Cuba. Although neighboring countries like Canada we able to restore their relations with Cuba, the US remained under the embargoes. However, former US President Barrack Obama restored diplomatic relations with Cuba and this is expected to boost tourism not only for the benefit of Cuba but also for the North American continent.
Although Cuba is currently opening its doors to outside world, it continues to play a crucial role in the North American continent. It is the link between North America, South America, Europe, and Asia thus a geopolitical obsession for these continents. Molly John July 30 in World Facts. Olympic Games History. Southeast Asian Countries. Commonwealth Of Independent States.