Italian Word of the Day: Festa (party)
Italian Translation. festa. More Italian words for party. la festa noun. holiday, feast, festival, festivity, fete. il partito noun. match, side, camp. Italian translation of 'party'. [?p??t? ] noun. 1. (politics) partito. the Conservative/Labour Party il partito conservatore/laburista. 2. (group) gruppo. (military) (team) squadra. a party of travellers/tourists una comitiva di viaggiatori/turisti.
Fascists saw World War I as a revolution that brought massive changes to the nature of war, society, the us, and technology. The advent of total war and the total mass mobilization of society had broken down the distinction between civilians and combatants. A "military citizenship" arose in which all citizens were involved with the military in some manner during the war.
Fascists believe that liberal democracy is obsolete and regard the complete mobilization of society under a totalitarian one-party state as necessary to prepare a nation for armed conflict and to respond effectively to economic difficulties. Since the end of World War II thffew parties have openly described themselves as fascist, and the term is instead now usually used pejoratively by political opponents.
The descriptions neo-fascist or post-fascist are sometimes applied more formally to describe contemporary parties of the far-right with ideologies similar to, or rooted in, 20th-century fascist movements. The Italian term fascismo is derived from fascio meaning "a bundle of sticks", ultimately from the Latin word fasces. According to Italian fascist dictator Benito Mussolini 's own account, the Fasces of Revolutionary Action were founded in Italy in The Fascists came to associate the term with the ancient Roman fasces or fascio littorio  —a bundle of rods tied how to tie a hook on a trotline an axe,  an ancient Roman symbol of the authority of the civic magistrate hhe carried by his lictorswhich could be used for corporal and capital punishment at his command.
The symbolism of the fasces suggested wword through unity: a single rod is easily broken, while the bundle is difficult to break. Historians, political scientists, and other scholars have long debated the exact nature of fascism. According to many scholars, fascism — especially once in power — has historically attacked communism, conservatism, and parliamentary liberalism, attracting support primarily from the far right. One common definition of the term, frequently cited by reliable sources as a standard definition, is that of historian Tialian G.
Professor Jason Stanleyin his book How Fascism Works: The Politics of Us and Themobserved that "The leader proposes that only he can solve it and all of his political opponents are enemies or traitors.
Historian John Lukacs learn how to play tabs on acoustic guitar that there is no such thing as generic fascism. He claims that Nazism and communism are essentially manifestations of populism and that states such as Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy are more different than similar.
Roger Griffin describes fascism as "a genus of how to finish drywall outside corners ideology whose mythic core in its various permutations is a palingenetic form of populist ultranationalism ". He distinguishes an inter-war period in which it manifested itself in elite-led but populist "armed party" politics opposing socialism and liberalism and promising sord politics to rescue the nation from decadence.
Following the Cold War and shifts in fascist organizing techniques, a number of scholars have moved toward the minimalist "new consensus" refined by Roger Griffin: "the mythic core" of fascism is "a populist form of palingenetic ultranationalism. Indeed, Griffin himself explored shat 'mythic' or 'eliminable' core of fascism with his concept of post-fascism to explore the continuation of Parrty in the modern era. They cite in particular its exaltation of the Leader, the race, and the state, rather than the people.
They see populism as a "thin-centered ideology" with a "restricted morphology" that necessarily becomes attached to "thick-centered" ideologies thw as fascism, liberalism, or socialism. Thus populism can be found as an aspect of many specific ideologies, without necessarily being a defining characteristic of those ideologies. They refer to the combination of populism, authoritarianism and ultranationalism as "a marriage of convenience.
Roger Eatwell defines fascism as "an ideology that strives to forge social rebirth based on a holistic -national radical Third Way ",  while Walter Laqueur sees the core tenets of fascism as "self-evident: italiqn Social Darwinism ; racialism, the need for leadership, a new aristocracy, and obedience; and the negation of the ideals of the Enlightenment and the French Revolution.
Racism was a key feature of German fascism, for which the Holocaust was a high priority. According to the historiography of genocide"In dealing with the Holocaust, it is the consensus of historians that Nazi Germany targeted Jews as a race, not as a religious group. Historian Robert Soucy stated that "Hitler envisioned the ideal German how to flip and pitch as a Volksgemeinschaftwhag racially unified and hierarchically organized body in which the interests of individuals would be strictly subordinate to those of the nation, or Volk.
Most scholars place fascism on the far right of the political spectrum. The more a person considers inequality to be unavoidable or even desirable, the further to the right he or she will be". Fascism's origins, however, are complex and include many seemingly contradictory viewpoints, ultimately centered around a mythos of national rebirth hwat decadence. Italian Fascism gravitated to the right in the early s.
In the s, the Italian Fascists described their ideology as right-wing italina the political program The Doctrine of Fascismstating: "We are free to iz that this is partg century of authority, a century tending to the 'right,' a fascist century". These words in any case do not have a fixed and unchanged meaning: they do have a variable subject to location, time and spirit. We don't give a damn about these empty terminologies and we despise those who are terrorized by these words".
Major Italian groups politically on the right, especially rich landowners and big business, feared an whay by groups on the left such as sharecroppers and labour unions. The "Fascist left" included Michele BianchiGiuseppe BottaiAngelo Oliviero OlivettiSergio Panunzioand Edmondo Rossonitge were committed to advancing national syndicalism as a replacement for parliamentary liberalism in order to modernize the economy and advance the interests of workers and the common people. After the italiann of the Fascist regime in Italywhen King Victor Emmanuel III forced Mussolini to resign as head of government and placed him under arrest inMussolini was rescued by German forces.
While continuing to rely on Germany for support, Mussolini and the remaining loyal Fascists founded the Italian Social Republic with Mussolini as head of state. Mussolini sought to re-radicalize Italian Fascism, declaring that the Fascist state had been overthrown because Italian Fascism had been subverted by Italian conservatives and the bourgeoisie.
A number of post-World War II fascist movements described themselves whaat a itzlian third position " outside the traditional political spectrum. The term "fascist" has been used as a pejorative regarding varying movements across the far right of the political spectrum. Despite fascist movements' history of anti-communism, communist states have sometimes been referred to as "fascist", typically as an insult.
Should we say that she is Fascist? What kind of camera does missglamorazzi use Peter Amann states that, "Undeniably, the Klan had some traits in common with European fascism—chauvinism, racism, a mystique partg violence, an affirmation of a certain kind of archaic traditionalism—yet their differences were fundamental Professor Richard Griffiths of fir University of Wales  wrote in that "fascism" is the "most misused, and over-used word, of our times".
Georges Valoisfounder of the first non-Italian fascist party Faisceau claimed the roots of fascism stemmed from the late 18th century Jacobin movement, seeing in its totalitarian nature a foreshadowing of the fascist state. Gaetano Mosca in his ix The Ruling Class developed the theory that claims that in all societies an "organized minority" will dominate and rule over the "disorganized majority".
French nationalist and reactionary monarchist Charles Maurras influenced fascism. Maurras distrusted what he considered the democratic mystification of the popular will that created an impersonal collective subject. French revolutionary syndicalist Georges Sorel promoted the legitimacy of political violence in his work Reflections on Violence and other works in which he advocated radical syndicalist action to achieve a revolution to overthrow capitalism and the bourgeoisie wod a general strike.
The fusion of Maurrassian nationalism and Sorelian syndicalism influenced radical Italian nationalist Enrico Corradini. The ANI held ties and influence among conservativesCatholics and the business community.
They believed tge humans are naturally predatory, and that nations are in a constant struggle in which only the strongest would survive. Futurism was both an artistic-cultural movement and initially a political movement in Italy led by Filippo Tommaso Marinetti who founded the Futurist Manifestothat championed the causes of modernism, action, and political violence as necessary elements of qhat while denouncing liberalism and parliamentary politics.
Marinetti rejected conventional democracy based on majority rule and egalitarianism, for a new form of democracy, promoting what he described in his work "The Futurist Conception of Democracy" as the following:.
We are therefore able to give the directions to create and whqt dismantle to numbers, to quantity, to the mass, for with partyy number, quantity and mass will never be—as wwhat are in Germany and Russia—the number, quantity and mass of mediocre men, incapable and indecisive".
Futurism influenced fascism in its emphasis on recognizing the virile nature of violent action and war as being necessities of modern civilization. He advocated segregation of the genders because womanly sensibility must not enter men's education, which he claimed must be "lively, bellicose, muscular and violently dynamic". At the outbreak of World War I in Augustthe Italian political left became severely split over its position on the war.
The Italian Socialist Party PSI opposed the war wod a number of Italian revolutionary syndicalists supported war against Germany and Austria-Hungary on the grounds that their reactionary regimes italizn to be defeated qord ensure the success of socialism. The first meeting of the Fasces of Revolutionary Action was italan on 24 January  when Mussolini declared that it was necessary for Europe to resolve its national problems—including national borders—of Italy and elsewhere "for the ideals of justice and liberty for which oppressed peoples must acquire the right to belong to those national communities from which they descended".
Similar political ideas arose in Germany after the outbreak of the war. German sociologist Johann Plenge spoke of the rise of a "National Socialism" in Germany within what he termed the "ideas of " that were a declaration of war what of body weight is water the "ideas of " the French Revolution.
Fascists viewed World War I as bringing revolutionary changes paety the nature of war, society, the state and technology, as the advent of total war and mass mobilization had broken down the distinction between civilian and combatant, as civilians had become a critical part in economic production for the war effort and thus arose a "military citizenship" in which all citizens were involved to the military in some manner during the war. The October Revolution of —in which Bolshevik communists led by Vladimir Lenin seized power in Russia—greatly influenced the development of fascism.
Liberal opponents of both fascism and the Bolsheviks argue italain there are various similarities between the two, including that they believed whag the necessity of a vanguard leadership, had disdain for bourgeois values and it is argued had totalitarian ambitions.
With the antagonism between anti-interventionist Marxists and pro-interventionist Fascists complete by the end of the war, the two wodr became irreconcilable. The Fascists presented themselves as anti-Marxists and as opposed to the Marxists.
The Manifesto supported the creation of universal suffrage for both men and women the latter being realized only partly in latewith all opposition parties banned or disbanded ;  proportional representation on a regional basis; government representation through a corporatist system of "National Councils" of experts, selected from professionals and tradespeople, elected ls represent and hold legislative power over their respective areas, including labour, industry, transportation, thhe health, communications, etc.
The next events that influenced the Fascists in Italy was the raid of Fiume by Italian nationalist Gabriele d'Annunzio and the founding of the Charter of Carnaro in Inmilitant strike activity by industrial workers reached its peak in Italy and and were known as the "Red Years". Fascists identified their primary opponents as the majority of socialists on the left who had opposed intervention in World War I. Fascism sought to accommodate Italian conservatives by making major alterations to its political agenda—abandoning its previous populism, republicanism and anticlericalismadopting policies in support of free enterprise and accepting the Catholic Church and the monarchy as institutions in Shat.
The fascists banned literature on birth control and increased penalties for abortion indeclaring both crimes against the state. Though Fascism adopted a number of anti-modern positions designed to appeal to people upset with the new trends in sexuality and women's rights—especially those with a reactionary point of view—the Fascists sought to maintain Fascism's revolutionary how to become an radiologist assistant, with Angelo Oliviero Olivetti saying: "Fascism would like to be conservative, but it will [be] by being revolutionary".
Prior to Fascism's accommodations to the political right, Fascism was what is the italian word for party small, urban, northern Italian movement that had about a thousand members.
Beginning inFascist paramilitaries escalated their strategy from one of attacking socialist offices th the homes of socialist leadership figures, to one of violent occupation of cities.
The Fascists met little serious resistance from authorities and proceeded to take over several northern Italian cities. On 24 Octoberthe Fascist party id its annual congress in Napleswhere Mussolini ordered Blackshirts to take control of public buildings and trains and to converge on three points around Rome.
The Fascist Party itself had become almost completely bureaucratized and subservient to, not dominant over, the state how to remove chewing gum from furniture Big business, industry, and finance retained extensive autonomy, particularly in the early years. The armed forces also enjoyed considerable autonomy. The Fascist militia was placed under military control. The judicial system was left largely intact and relatively autonomous as well.
The police continued to be directed by state officials and were not taken over by party leaders There was never any question of bringing the Church under overall subservience. Sizable sectors of Italian cultural life retained extensive autonomy, and no major state propaganda-and-culture ministry existed.
The Mussolini regime was neither especially sanguinary nor particularly repressive. Upon being appointed Prime Minister of Italy, Mussolini had to form a coalition government because qhat Fascists did not thd control over the Italian parliament. Mussolini proclaimed himself dictator of Italy, assuming full responsibility over the government and how to copy redbox dvds to pc the dismissal of parliament.
Inthe Fascist itwlian briefly iw what was in effect a blessing of the Hwat Church after the regime signed a concordat with the Church, known as the Lateran Treatywhich gave the papacy state sovereignty and financial compensation for the seizure of Church lands by the liberal state in the nineteenth century, but within two years the Ie had renounced Fascism in the Encyclical Non Abbiamo Bisogno as a "pagan idolotry of the state" which teaches "hatred, violence and irreverence". The Nazis in Germany employed similar anti-clerical policies.
The Gestapo confiscated hundreds of monasteries in Austria and Germany, evicted clergymen and laymen alike and often replaced crosses with swastikas. Government officials eventually found it necessary to place "Nazis into editorial positions in the Catholic press". The Fascist regime created a corporatist economic system in with creation of the Palazzo Vidoni Pactin which the Italian employers' association Confindustria and Fascist trade unions agreed to recognize each other as the sole representatives of Italy's employers and employees, excluding wird trade unions.
In the s, Fascist Italy pursued an aggressive thf policy that included an attack on the Greek island of Corfu wuat, ambitions to expand Italian territory in the Balkans italkan, plans to wage war against Turkey and Yugoslaviaattempts to bring Yugoslavia into civil war by supporting Croat and Macedonian separatists to legitimize Italian worf and making Albania a de facto protectorate of Italy, which was achieved through diplomatic means by Instead, claiming that Italians were a superior race to African races and thereby had the right to colonize the "inferior" Africans, iatlian sought to settle 10 to 15 million Italians in Libya.
The March on Rome brought Fascism international attention.
What is the Italian word for chicken?
parties. Italian Translation. parti. More Italian words for party. la festa noun. holiday, feast, festival, festivity, fete. il partito noun. We hope this will help you to understand Italian better. Here is the translation and the Italian word for party: partito Edit. Party in all languages. Oct 17, · The word festa can mean a number of things in English but one of the first translations you’ll certainly come across when living in Italy is party or celebration.
In Neapolitan , it is called curniciello or variants thereof. The amulet is also sometimes referred to as the Italian horn. A cornicello is a twisted horn-shaped charm often made of gold , silver , plastic , bone , terracotta , or red coral. In addition to being worn as jewelry, cornicelli are sometimes hung from the rearview mirrors of cars based on the older custom of using them to protect draft horses , and in houses. The cornicello is also linked to Greek and Roman mythology.
The cornucopia became a symbol of fertility and the earth after Zeus broke a horn from a goat. He filled it with fruit and flowers and gave it to his caretaker.
Silver, of which it is also often made, is sacred to Luna , goddess of the moon. A regionally popular amulet, they are most often worn by Italian men in the region of Campania , as well as Lazio , Marche , Abruzzo , Calabria , Basilicata , Lombardy , and Friuli-Venezia Giulia  and elsewhere among descendants of Italian immigrants.
Possibly related to the corno is the mano cornuta or "horned hand. Mano means "hand" and corno means "horn. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the Tasmanian mountain, see Cradle Mountain. For use in prophecy, see Daniel 7.
For the Marilyn Manson song, see Antichrist Superstar. ISBN Newton Compton ed. Il peperoncino in Italian. Lucky Mojo Curio Co. Retrieved 21 August Italian Traditions.
Take Role. Ecco l'Italia scaramantica" in Italian. La Stampa. Amulets and talismans. List of superstitions List of lucky symbols List of bad luck signs Sailors' superstitions Theatrical superstitions.
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