What are the blood tests for pregnancy

what are the blood tests for pregnancy

Blood Pregnancy Tests

What the Tests Do When you first get pregnant, your doctor will take a blood sample. The lab will check for problems that could affect you and your baby. They include rubella, cystic fibrosis. A blood pregnancy test is usually a quantitative blood test that shows how much human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is in your blood. This is the type of blood pregnancy test that most people are referring to when they talk about blood tests for pregnancy.

Like the pregnancy tests you take at homea human chorionic gonadotropin hCG blood test checks for certain hormones made by your body during pregnancy. But these blood tests are more accurate than peeing on a stick — plus, they may be able to offer your provider some additional info about your pregnancy.

A blood test to confirm pregnancy is just part of the process. A pregnancy blood test is a medical test that confirms the presence of human chorionic gonadotropin or hCGthe hormone produced by the fetus, in your system. You can expect to receive routine bloodwork during your pregnancy that checks for:.

Depending on your individual risk factors, your provider might opt to include some additional tests in that first round of bloodwork. A pregnancy blood tests for hCG is more sensitive — and therefore, more accurate — than a urine pregnancy test.

So even if your at-home pee test read positive, your practitioner might opt to run an hCG blood test to confirm the happy news. Blood tests can also pick up hCG earlier than urine tests — as soon as six to eight days after ovulation.

That may be helpful for women undergoing fertility treatments, since it can indicate whether the treatment helped you conceive. Routine bloodwork during pregnancy is par for the course, meaning that virtually every mom-to-be will have blood tests at the start of her pregnancy and beyond. Depending on your health and risk factors, your provider might recommend some additional blood tests to screen for possible complications or fetal abnormalities.

Together, you can decide on the right amount of testing for you. Whst pregnancy blood test is performed just like any other blood test.

During the test, the technician will insert the needle into your vein and collect your blood into vials. The process only takes a few minutes. You might feel a little pinch when the needle goes in. Did your test come back positive for hCG in your blood? If you were given a quantitative hCG test, the results will tell you exactly how much hCG is in your bloodstream.

Try not to read into these numbers too closely or compare them with other moms-to-be. And if yours do look a little different? Take a deep breath: Everything is likely still A-okay. But if you have any questions or concerns, bring them up with your practitioner. Chances are he or she will be perfectly happy with your numbers — and you should be too.

As for results from the rest of your bloodwork? Should any issues come up, you and your practitioner can work together to ensure the healthiest possible pregnancy. Many sexually transmitted infections, for instance, are easy to manage or treat. And if you find that your blood is Rh negative, you may get RhoGAM shots fog pregnancy and delivery to tips on how to get healthy your baby from a possible Rh incompatibility.

Your doctor can help you weigh the pros and cons of different diagnostic test options, like chorionic villus sampling CVS or amniocentesis. Pregnancy blood tests are safe and unlikely to cause any major side effects. But rpegnancy needle might pinch a little bit, and you might have some mild, temporary bruising at the site of the injection. Eating or drinking something sugary or salty like a sports drink or potato chips before your test how to increase the chance of conceiving a boy help — just make sure to check with your provider first.

The educational health content on What To Expect is reviewed by our medical review board and team of experts to be up-to-date and in line with the latest evidence-based medical arf and accepted health guidelines, including the medically reviewed What to Expect books by Heidi Murkoff.

This educational content is not medical or diagnostic advice. Use of this site is subject to our terms of use and privacy policy. Medically Reviewed by Jennifer Wu, M. Even after a positive home pregnancy test, your doc will still likely opt for a blood test to confirm the big news.

Back to Top. In This Article. What is a pregnancy blood pregnajcy You can expect to receive routine bloodwork during your pregnancy that checks for: Your hCG levels. A blood test for hCG can detect pregnancy with more than 99 percent accuracy as early as one week after conception.

A qualitative pregnancy blood test simply looks for any hCG in your bloodstream to confirm pregnancy. A quantitative blood test measures the exact amount of hCG in your system, which can help your practitioner estimate your due date pregnanccy, since hCG levels change as pregnancy progresses.

It can also be used to screen for the possibility of specific pregnancy complications and the presence of multiple embryos. Sexually transmitted infectionsincluding syphilis, hepatitis B and HIV. Immunity to certain diseasesincluding rubella titers a sign how to install board and batten siding you're immune to German measles and varicella chickenpox. Vitamin D deficiencypossibly. Your blood typein the very unlikely event that you need pregnancj transfusion at some point.

Your Rh factor. Rh incompatibility with your baby can be teests if it's not detected, but it's completely treatable if you happen to be among the small minority of women affected. These can screen for things like: Continue How to do tricks on a skateboard for kids Below. Recommended Reading. Prenatal Testing During Pregnancy. The Benefits of Prenatal Testing.

View Sources. Kameelah PhillipsM. When to Take a Pregnancy TestApril Merck Manual, Rh IncompatibilityOctober Pregnancy Groups. First Trimester. Jump to Peegnancy Week of Pregnancy. Delivering at a Birth Center. Please whitelist our site to get all the best deals and offers from our partners. What to Eat for Lunch During Pregnancy. Glucose Screening and Glucose Tolerance Test. Follow us vlood.

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A few closing thoughts

Apr 20,  · 1. Inherited thrombophilia evaluation. In patients with past pregnancy complications. About the test: This blood test helps determine whether a patient is at increased risk for inherited thrombophilia – a genetic mutation that increases the risk of developing blood clots during pregnancy. The test can be useful in assessing recurrence risk and need for preventative treatment in women . Mar 19,  · A pregnancy blood test is a medical test that confirms the presence of human chorionic gonadotropin or hCG, the hormone produced by the fetus, in your system. It's typically given at your first prenatal doctor’s visit to confirm the results of your at-home pregnancy test (which, when used correctly, is still highly accurate). Jan 27,  · A home pregnancy test (HPT) can be used on the first day of your missed period. Some very sensitive tests can be used even earlier. These tests work by Author: Tracy Stickler.

Error: This is required. Error: Not a valid value. Some are offered to all women, and some are only offered if you might be at risk of a particular infection or inherited condition. Talk to your midwife or doctor and give yourself enough time to make your decision. They should also give you written information about the tests. Below is an outline of all the tests that can be offered. There are 4 blood types A, B, AB or O and you will be given a blood test to find out which type you are.

It is useful to know your blood group in case you need to be given blood, for example if you have heavy bleeding haemorrhage during pregnancy or birth. When you find out your blood group, you will also find out if your type is positive or negative.

This is your 'Rhesus RhD factor', which indicates if you have a substance known as 'D antigen' on the surface of your red blood cells. If you do, you are RhD positive, if you don't, you are RhD negative. If you are Rhesus negative, you will need an injection at 26 to 28 weeks and at 34 to 36 weeks to protect the baby. Find out more about being Rhesus D negative in pregnancy. It is very common for women to develop anaemia, or iron deficiency during pregnancy. This is because your body needs extra iron so your baby has a sufficient blood supply and receives necessary oxygen and nutrients.

Increasing the amount of iron-rich food you consume during your pregnancy can help avoid iron deficiency anaemia. Some pregnant women require an iron supplement, particularly from the 20th week of pregnancy. Anaemia makes you tired and less able to cope with any blood loss during labour and birth.

Your midwife or doctor can tell you if you need iron tablets to prevent or treat anaemia. Your iron levels will be checked throughout your pregnancy. Your blood test will also look for a number of infections that may affect your pregnancy or your unborn baby. This includes sexually transmitted infections such as syphilis, HIV and hepatitis B if you or your sexual partner take risks, such as having unprotected sex. You can also get HIV and hepatitis if you inject drugs and share needles.

Your midwife or doctor can discuss this with you. Gestational diabetes GDM is a type of diabetes that affects some women during pregnancy. Diabetes is a condition where there is too much glucose sugar in the blood. In most cases, gestational diabetes develops in the third trimester after 28 weeks and usually disappears after the baby is born. However, women who develop gestational diabetes are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes later in life.

Learn more here about the development and quality assurance of healthdirect content. Rhesus antibodies Rh Ab's is a blood test to determine whether a woman has produced antibodies to the Rhesus antigen. This has important implications for pregnancy and the wellbeing of the unborn foetus. Read more on HealthEngine website. Pregnancy tests identify health concerns for you and your baby. Read more on raisingchildren.

There are a number of blood tests and other types of routine tests that will be offered to you during your pregnancy. Read more on Women's and Children's Health Network website. During your pregnancy, you'll be offered a range of tests, including blood tests and ultrasound scans. Find out what being Rhesus D negative could mean for your baby and how it is treated. If a pregnant woman is rhesus Rh negative and her fetus is Rh positive, the fetus and any subsequent fetus may be at risk of health problems.

Read more on myDr website. There are several ways to find out if you are in fact pregnant: a blood test; a home pregnancy urine test; a urine test or internal examination by your doctor. Find out what pregnancy and ovulation testing kits are available. Read more on Better Health Channel website. Pregnancy, Birth and Baby is not responsible for the content and advertising on the external website you are now entering. Video call. This information is for your general information and use only and is not intended to be used as medical advice and should not be used to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any medical condition, nor should it be used for therapeutic purposes.

The information is not a substitute for independent professional advice and should not be used as an alternative to professional health care.

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Rhesus RhD factor When you find out your blood group, you will also find out if your type is positive or negative. Anaemia It is very common for women to develop anaemia, or iron deficiency during pregnancy. Infections Your blood test will also look for a number of infections that may affect your pregnancy or your unborn baby. Gestational diabetes Gestational diabetes GDM is a type of diabetes that affects some women during pregnancy.

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