How to Build a Wireless Home Network
Dec 12, · Configuring the Router 1. Install the router software. Not every router comes with software to install, but if yours did, then install it on a 2. Open the router's configuration page. If your router did not come with any installation software, you will need to 3. Enter your Internet connection Views: K. Nov 07, · In order to set up a wireless network, you will need internet service, a modem, and a wireless router, or a combination router/modem device which is called a gateway. You may also need 2 or 3 ethernet cables. 2 Connect the modem to a live internet connection.
This article was co-authored by Luigi Oppido. Luigi has over 25 years of experience in general computer repair, data recovery, virus removal, and upgrades. He is also the host of the Computer Man Show! This article has been viewedtimes. Installing a router is the first step to creating a solid home network, but how do you choose the right one? And once you've purchased your router, how do you go about setting it up?
Follow this guide to get the right router configured for a secure wireless Wi-Fi network. Connect your wireless router to your modem. Connect the router to what does the judaism symbol represent computer with an Ethernet cable. Configure the wireless router using the computer. Connect other devices to the router via Wi-Fi. Did this summary help you?
Related Articles. Article Summary. Part 1 of Acquire a wireless router. There are a variety of factors that will determine which router is best for you. These include distance, interference, transfer speed, and security.
One of the most important factors to consider when purchasing a router is the distance between the router and the devices that you are wirelessly connecting. More expensive routers generally have more antennae, which can lead to a more stable connection at further distances. Another factor to consider is the amount of signal interference.
If you have multiple devices that operate on the 2. Newer routers can operate on the 5 GHz band, which is much less crowded and thus less prone to interference. The drawback is that 5 GHz signals do not travel as far as 2. Transfer speed netwwork a feature to consider. Newer routers claim nework be able to transfer data up to Mbps.
While this may be helpful when moving data between two computers over a network, it will not netowrk your general Internet speed, as this is set by your ISP. There are three main router speeds available: It is important to note that these speeds are virtually impossible to attain in any environment other than a clean room free of signal interference. Finally, make sure that the router you are purchasing has the latest form of wireless encryption, WPA2. This is pretty much standard in all new routers, but is something to consider if purchasing an older, second-hand router.
Older encryption algorithms are much less secure; a WEP key can be cracked in just a few minutes. Wirles the router to your modem.
Once you've purchased your router, you will need to connect it to your modem. Connect this port to the modem using a standard Ethernet cable. Make sure that the router is properly powered and turned on. Connect a computer via Ethernet cable. This step is not always necessary, but can be very useful if tp want to set up the wireless router before connecting any wireless devices to it. Connecting a computer through a physical cable will allow you to tinker with the wireless settings without losing your connection to the router.
For optimum efficiency while setting up the router, plug it in next to your computer while you adjust the settings. After you are finished configuring the router, you can move it to where netwprk will normally stay. Part 2 of Install the router software. Not every router comes with software to install, but if yours did, then install it on a computer that is connected to the router via an Ethernet cable.
Using the bundled software makes setting up a router much more convenient than going in to the configuration menus. Using tk software, designate the name of your wireless network, and the type of security that you want to what types of human activities could impact climate. Choose WPA2 for the most secure network. Choose a password and continue. Most router software will automatically detect your internet settings.
This is the information that the router needs to translate your internet how to compute roi for real estate and transfer it to all of your wirelessly connected devices. Open the router's configuration page. If your router did not come with any installation software, you will need to connect to the router's configuration page through your web browser.
Open your browser of choice and enter the web address for the router. This is typically Consult the documentation that came with the router to find the exact address. You will be asked for a username and password to continue into the router configuration. These are also provided in the documentation that came with your router. Typical defaults are username: admin and Worless password or admin. Enter your Internet connection information. Most routers will fill this section in automatically.
If it does not, contact your ISP for the information that you need to enter. Set your wireless settings. Hoe routers will have a Wireless Settings section towards the top of the router's menu.
From this section you can enable or disable the wireless signal, change the network name, and set the encryption. To set the name of the network, select the SSID field. This is the name that will be displayed on any device that detects your network. If you are living in an area with a lot of public traffic, avoid putting any identifiable information in the SSID, as anyone with a wireless device can see it. Make how to teach a dog to catch frisbee to set the encryption to the latest version allowed by your router.
In most cases, this will be WPA2. WPA2 operates with a single password. You can enter whatever you'd like, but a strong password is recommended. Stronger passwords contain upper and lowercase letters, numbers, and symbols. Apply your settings. Make sure you click the Apply or Save Changes button in your router's configuration when you are done changing the settings.
The router will process for a moment, and your new settings will take effect. Place your router. In order to get the best possible signaltry to place your router in a central location. Keep in mind that any obstacles such as walls and doors xet degrade the signal.
If you have multiple floors, you may want to consider multiple routers to ensure that you have the coverage you need. Remember that it must ntework physically connected to your modem, so this may limit your options when placing the router. Part 3 of Connect a device to the network.
Once the router is broadcasting a wireless signal, you can test the connection by scanning for wireless networks using a Wi-Fi device such as another computer, a smartphonea tabletetc. Scan for new networks. In Windows, click the network icon in the system tray in the lower-right corner of the desktop. On a Mac, click the AirPort icon in the menu bar, which looks like 3 curved lines.
Select your SSID from the list of available networks. Enter the password.
Mar 19, · How to Build a Wireless Home Network Learn the Terminology of Wireless Networking. A WLAN is a wireless LAN, and a LAN (local area network) is a related Types of Wireless Equipment. Some of this equipment is optional, depending on your home network configuration. Each WLAN Configurations. Do. Click Wireless Network Setup Wizard. In the open window, click Next. Check on Set up a new wireless network and click Next. Input the Network name (SSID), check on Manually assign a network key, and click Next. Input Network key and Confirm network key and click Next. Check on Set up a network manually and click Next. Click Finish. Setting it up to work is a snap, so let's get started. Press the home button on the remote. Point and click on settings, then use the down arrow to highlight network. It's indicated by .
This guide explains how to design, install, and configure a wireless network. You can find LANs in many homes, schools, and businesses. Though it's technically possible to have more than one LAN in your home, few do this in practice. Wi-Fi is an industry name for networking products. You'll find a black-and-white Wi-Fi logo or certification emblem on virtually any new wireless equipment you buy.
Technically speaking, Wi-Fi signifies conformance to the All mainstream wireless home network gear uses the You can build a wireless network using any of them, but The security of wireless home and small business networks remains a concern for many.
Just like using radio or television receivers to tune into station broadcasts, it's almost as easy to pick up signals from a nearby wireless home network. Credit card transactions on the web may be secure, but imagine your neighbors spying on every email and instant message you send. Years ago, some techies popularized the practice of wardriving to raise awareness of this vulnerability in WLANs.
With the help of cheap, home-made equipment, wardrivers walked or motored through neighborhoods snooping the wireless network traffic emanating from nearby homes. Some wardrivers logged their computers onto unsuspecting people's home WLANs, essentially stealing free computer resources and internet access.
WEP was an essential feature of wireless networks that improved network security. WEP encrypts network traffic mathematically so that other computers can understand it, but humans can't read it.
Because WPA is a feature that you can turn on or off, configure it properly when you set up your network. The five types of equipment found in wireless home networks are:. Some of this equipment is optional, depending on your home network configuration.
Each device you connect to a WLAN must possess a wireless network adapter. Wireless adapters for notebook computers resemble a thick credit card. Nowadays, though, an increasing number of wireless adapters are not cards but rather small chips embedded inside notebooks or handheld computers. Wireless network adapters contain a radio transmitter and receiver transceiver. Wireless transceivers send and receive messages, translating, formatting, and generally organizing the flow of information between the computer and the network.
Determining how many wireless network adapters you need to buy is the first step in building your home network. Check the technical specifications of your computers if you're unsure whether they contain built-in wireless adapter chips. A wireless access point serves as the central WLAN communication station. These are sometimes called base stations. Access points are thin, lightweight boxes with a series of LED lights on the face. Access points join a wireless LAN to a pre-existing, wired Ethernet network.
Home networkers typically install an access point when they own a broadband router and plan to add wireless computers to their current setup. You must use either an access point or a wireless router to implement hybrid wired and wireless home networking. Otherwise, you probably don't need an access point.
A wireless router is an access point with other useful functions. Like wired broadband routers, wireless routers support internet connection sharing and include firewall technology for improved network security. Wireless routers closely resemble access points. A key benefit of both wireless routers and access points is scalability. A router's robust, built-in transceivers can spread a wireless signal throughout a home.
A home WLAN with a router or access point can better reach corner rooms and backyards, for example, than one without. Likewise, home wireless networks with a router or access point support more computers than those without one. If your wireless LAN design includes a router or access point, run all network adapters in infrastructure mode ; otherwise, adapters must run in ad-hoc mode.
Wireless routers are a good choice when building your first home network. It's essential to choose the proper hardware when you're setting up. Wireless network adapters, access points, and routers use an antenna to receive signals on the WLAN. Some wireless antennas, like those on adapters, are internal to the unit.
Other antennas, like those on many access points, are externally visible. The normal antennas shipped with wireless products provide sufficient reception in most cases. Still, you can install an optional, add-on antenna to improve reception. You generally won't know whether you'll need this piece of equipment until after you finish the basic network setup. Some manufacturers of wireless access points and routers sell signal boosters.
A signal booster increases the strength of the base station transmitter. It's possible to use signal boosters and add-on antennas to improve wireless network transmission and reception simultaneously. Both antennas and signal boosters can be a valuable addition to some home networks after the basics are in place. They can bring out-of-range computers into the WLAN range, and they also improve network performance in some cases.
To maximize your network's functionality, have your answers ready for the following questions:. One wireless router supports one WLAN. Use a wireless router on your network if:. Install the wireless router in a central location within the home. The way Wi-Fi networking works, computers closer to the router generally in the same room or in line of sight get better network speed than computers farther away. Connect the wireless router to a power outlet and optionally to a source of internet connectivity.
All modern wireless routers support broadband modems. Additionally, because wireless routers contain a built-in access point, you can also connect a wired router, switch , or hub. Choose your network name. Although routers ship with a default name, it's best to change it for security reasons. Consult product documentation to find the network name for your wireless router.
Follow the router documentation to enable WEP security, turn on firewall features, and set any other recommended parameters. One wireless access point supports one WLAN.
Use a wireless access point on your home network if:. Install your access point in a central location, if possible. Connect power and cable the access point to your LAN router, switch, or hub. You won't have a firewall to configure, but you still must set a network name and enable WEP on the access point at this stage. Configure the adapters after setting up the wireless router or access point if you have one.
Insert the adapters into your computers as explained in the product documentation. Manufacturers provide configuration utilities for their adapters. For example, on the Windows operating system, adapters generally have a graphic user interface GUI accessible from the Start Menu or taskbar after you install the hardware. You can also set a few other parameters. Every Wi-Fi adapter requires you to choose between infrastructure mode called access point mode in some configuration tools and ad-hoc wireless peer-to-peer mode.
Set every wireless adapter for infrastructure mode. In this mode, wireless adapters automatically detect and set their WLAN channel number to match the access point router. Alternatively, set all wireless adapters to use ad hoc mode. When you enable this mode, you see a separate setting for channel number. Ad-hoc home WLAN configurations work fine in homes with only a few computers situated fairly close to each other. You can also use this configuration as a fallback option if your access point or router breaks.
You can share an internet connection across an ad hoc wireless network. To do this, designate one of your computers as the host effectively a substitute for a router. That computer keeps the modem connection and must be on when you use the network. When installing a Wi-Fi router or access point, beware of signal interference from other home appliances.
In particular, do not install the unit within 3 to 10 feet about 1 to 3 m from a microwave oven. Other common wireless interference sources are 2.
If you live in a home with brick or plaster walls or one with metal framing, you may encounter difficulty maintaining a strong network signal between rooms. Wi-Fi supports a signal range up to feet about m , but physical barriers reduce this range. Obstructions can affect all In densely populated areas, it's not uncommon for wireless signals from one person's home network to penetrate a neighboring home and create interference. This problem usually happens when both households set conflicting communication channels.
When configuring a router access point , you can except in a few locales change the channel number your devices use. For example, in the United States, you may choose any Wi-Fi channel number between 1 and If you encounter interference from neighbors, coordinate channel settings with them.
Only using different channel numbers doesn't always solve the problem. However, if both parties use a different one of the channel numbers 1, 6, or 11, that will guarantee the elimination of cross-network interference.