Working with the SQL Server command line (sqlcmd)
Oct 14, †∑ Please refer to the following steps to connect SQL Server database via command prompt: Click Start->Command Prompt. Input sqlcmd, and then press "Enter". The following T-SQL statement for your reference: Use AdventureWorks SELECT * FROM ctcwd.coms Where City='Bothell' GO. sqlcmd /S /d -U -P. Definitions: /S = the servername/instance name. Example: Pete's Laptop/SQLSERV /d = the database name. Example: Botlek1 -E = Windows authentication. -U = SQL Server authentication/user. Example: Pete -P = password that belongs to the user.
In the previous article How to work with the command line and Azure to automate taskswe worked with the sqlcmd in Azure. If you do not specify the SQL Server name, it will try to connect to the local machine. If you enabled SQL Server Authentication, you will need to specify a user name and a user password I am assuming that the user is already created.
Note that you will need to EXIT of sqlcmd to login with this credential. The command line will ask you the password. You can optionally specify the password not recommended, but sometimes is the only way to work :. If it is not specified, the master database is the default one.
How to list the databases in sqlcmd. The following T-SQL Sentences are used to detect the collation information including if the machine is case sensitive or not:. If the result is 0, it means that both authentications are enabled. If it is 1, only Windows Authentication is enabled.
In the next example, we will show how to run a script using sqlcmd and show the results in another file. You specify the script file with the queries. You can work with variables in sqlcmd. We will first create a script named tables. This script contains the tables and views:. The following sentences will list the table names and the column names of a database in a script named columns. If there is an error, the error is displayed. However, according to the error level, you can stop this behavior by default using the -m option.
However, if you add the óm 16, the error will no longer be displayed because the error has the level of As you can see the error message is no longer displayed. The following example will run a SQL script with one variable.
The example will create a database specified by the user. PowerShell can be used to invoke sqlcmd. The following example will show the fragmentation of the table of the table Person.
Address in the Adventureworks database. Verbose is used to display information that is not displayed by default. For example, how to tell what kind of tree by the bark command print is not displayed by default. The cmdlet will not return any value. However, if you run with the parameter verbose, the output can be displayed:.
This connection is connection allows to diagnostic and verify the problems of the Database Server. To enable the SQL Browser service, if it is disabled, you can use the following commands:. Use interactive mode when you need to run multiple queries and administrative tasks.
The sqlcmd command line mode is used when you have specific tasks like a backup. Use it when you have a specific task in mind. SSMS in sqlcmd mode can be used to create scripts. It is great to debug and program large scripts to be used later in the command line mode.
Use PowerShell if you have other PowerShell scripts and you need to integrate some sqlcmd invocations to it. Sqlcmd is a very powerful feature that can help us to automate tasks in SQL Server. You can run scripts and save the results of your queries in a text file.
FROM [ Person ]. Address'. Author Recent Posts. Daniel Calbimonte. He has worked for the government, oil companies, web sites, magazines and universities around the world. Daniel also regularly speaks at SQL Servers conferences and blogs. He writes SQL Server training materials for certification exams. Latest posts by Daniel Calbimonte see all.
[Microsoft SQL Server Express with Tools 10] This article has information on all the command line switches for SQL Server including Express. Details including required/optional switches. To log in to the default instance of SQL Server. From a command prompt, enter the following command to connect by using Windows Authentication: sqlcmd [ /E ] [ /S servername ] To log in to a named instance of SQL Server. From a command prompt, enter the following command to connect by . Jan 22, †∑ In this case, you should run cmd by right-clicking the command line and clicking run as administrator to connect to the sql server. Then you can connect to SQL Server with the help of the following command. sqlcmd -E -S.\TESTINSTACE2 1.
Installing a new instance of SQL Server at the command prompt enables you to specify the features to install and how they should be configured. You can also specify silent, basic, or full interaction with the Setup user interface. To install from the command prompt, open an administrative command prompt and navigate to where setup. Run the setup. Regardless of the installation method, you are required to confirm acceptance of the software license terms as an individual or on behalf of an entity, unless your use of the software is governed by a separate agreement such as a Microsoft volume licensing agreement or a third-party agreement with an ISV or OEM.
The license terms are displayed for review and acceptance in the Setup user interface. You can review the license terms separately at Microsoft Software License Terms. Depending on how you received the software for example, through Microsoft volume licensing , your use of the software may be subject to additional terms and conditions.
For local installations, you must run Setup as an administrator. If you install SQL Server from a remote share, you must use a domain account that has read and execute permissions on the remote share.
For failover cluster installations, you must be a local administrator with permissions to login as a service, and to act as part of the operating system on all failover cluster nodes. The relational server values support the additional terminating backslash formats backslash or two backslash characters for the path. The following sections provide parameters to develop command-line installation scripts for install, update, and repair scenarios. Install SQL Server Use the parameters in the following table to develop command-line scripts for preparing an instance of SQL Server without configuring it.
Use the parameters in the following table to develop command-line scripts for completing and configuring a prepared instance of SQL Server.
Use the parameters in the following table to develop command-line scripts for rebuilding the master, model, msdb, and tempdb system databases. For more information, see Rebuild System Databases. Before Installing Failover Clustering. All failover cluster installation commands require an underlying Windows cluster.
Test and modify the following failover cluster installation scripts to meet the needs of your organization. Use the parameters in the following table to develop command-line scripts for failover cluster installation. To add more nodes after the installation, use Add Node action. The Database Engine and Analysis Services are the only components that are cluster-aware.
Other features are not cluster-aware and do not have high availability through failover. Use the parameters in the following table to develop command-line scripts for failover cluster prepare. This is the first step in advanced cluster installation, where you have to prepare the failover cluster instances on all the nodes of the failover cluster.
To perform the "Preparation" step of a failover cluster advanced installation scenario for the Database Engine and Analysis Services. Use the parameters in the following table to develop command-line scripts for failover cluster complete. This is the second step in the advanced failover cluster install option. After you have run prepare on all the failover cluster nodes, you run this command on the node that owns the shared disks.
To perform the "Completion" step of a failover cluster advanced installation scenario for the Database Engine and Analysis Services. Run the following command on the computer that will be the active node in the failover cluster to make it usable. You must run the "CompleteFailoverCluster" action on the node that owns the shared disk in the Analysis Services failover cluster.
Run the following command at the command prompt to complete failover cluster installation for a default instance:. Run the following command at the command prompt to complete failover cluster installation for a named instance:. Use the parameters in the following table to develop command-line scripts for failover cluster upgrade.
To add a node to an existing failover cluster instance with the Database Engine and Analysis Services. Use the parameters in the following table to develop command-line scripts for RemoveNode. To uninstall a failover cluster, you must run RemoveNode on each failover cluster node.
To remove a node from an existing failover cluster instance with the Database Engine and Analysis Services. You can configure the SQL Server services by using a built-in account, local account, or domain account. When you use a managed service account, virtual account, or a built-in account, you should not specify the corresponding password parameters.
For more information about service account configuration, see Configure Windows Service Accounts and Permissions. Reporting services features were removed from SQL Server Two setup roles are provided to support each scenario. You can only choose one setup role to install at a time. If you choose a setup role, Setup installs the features and components that belong to the role.
You cannot vary the features and components that are designated for that role. For more information about how to use the feature role parameter, see Install Power Pivot from the Command Prompt. To upgrade a SQL Server Database Engine failover cluster, you must run the Setup on one failover cluster node at a time, starting with the passive nodes.
Setup determines when to fail over to the upgraded node, depending on the total number of nodes in the failover cluster instance, and the number of nodes that have already been upgraded. When half of the nodes or more have already been upgraded, Setup by default will cause a failover to an upgraded node.
Use of this parameter is as follows:. It will be used if this parameter is not specified. Skip to main content. Contents Exit focus mode. Note Depending on how you received the software for example, through Microsoft volume licensing , your use of the software may be subject to additional terms and conditions. Note For local installations, you must run Setup as an administrator. Note The relational server values support the additional terminating backslash formats backslash or two backslash characters for the path.
Important All failover cluster installation commands require an underlying Windows cluster. Note To add more nodes after the installation, use Add Node action. Note When you use a managed service account, virtual account, or a built-in account, you should not specify the corresponding password parameters.
Is this page helpful? Yes No. Any additional feedback? Skip Submit. Submit and view feedback for This product This page. View all page feedback. Required to indicate the installation workflow. Supported values: Install. Suppresses the privacy notice statement. By using this flag, you are agreeing with the privacy notice. Use this parameter to install the English version of SQL Server on a localized operating system when the installation media includes language packs for both English and the language corresponding to the operating system.
Specify whether SQL Server setup should discover and include product updates. The valid values are True and False or 1 and 0. By default, SQL Server setup will include updates that are found. Specify the location where SQL Server setup will obtain product updates. The valid values are "MU" to search Microsoft Update, a valid folder path, a relative path such as.
Specifies the ConfigurationFile to use. Has no effect in SQL Server In older versions this specifies the error reporting for SQL Server. Specifies the components to install. For more information, see Feature Parameters below. Setup roles install SQL Server in a predetermined configuration. Specifies a nondefault installation directory for bit shared components.
Supported only on a bit system. Specifies a nondefault value for an InstanceID. Specifies a SQL Server instance name. For more information, see Instance Configuration. Specifies the account for the engine service. Specifies the password for the engine service account. This parameter can be omitted when using a managed service account, virtual account, or built-in account. Specifies the startup mode for the PolyBase engine service: Automatic default , Disabled, and Manual.
Specifies a port range with at least 6 ports for PolyBase services. Use this option if you are configuring a PolyBase Scale-out computational group including the head node. Supported values: True , False. Specifies the product key for the edition of SQL Server.
If this parameter is not specified, Evaluation is used.